Túpac Amaru II was a leader of an indigenous uprising in 1780 against the Spanish in Peru. Although unsuccessful, he later became a mythical figure in the Peruvian struggle for independence and indigenous rights movement and an inspiration to a myriad of causes in Peru. Once captured Amaru II was sentenced to be tortured and beheaded. Preceding his own beheading, Túpac Amaru II had his tongue cut out and his limbs tied to four horses. Tupac Amaru was too strong to be killed in this fashion. Due to this, the method chosen to kill him was to behead him (as part of a failed attempt to quarter him) on the main plaza in Cuzco.